IJAIR NAAS Score : 3.99 ,ISSN : 2319-1473

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IJAIR NAAS Score : 3.99
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IJAIR NAAS Score : 3.99
"Submissions Open For Volume 7,Issue 3,Nov.-Dec.,2018"


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Volume 7,Issue 2,Sept.-Oct.,2018


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IJAIR NAAS Score : 3.99
"Submissions Open For Volume 7,Issue 3,Nov.-Dec.,2018"


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IJAIR NAAS Score : 3.99
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Technological Gap Analyses of Mena and Southern African Countries’ Agricultural Productivity

Raufu M. O.; J.T. Marizu; B.A. Adesina; A.A. Aderonmu
The technical gap analysis of countries’ agricultural productivity was analyzed and the discussions of the study were divided into two regions of Middle East and North African (MENA), and Southern Africa (SA) Countries based on their geographical location. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) model was used to analyse Panel data of input-output data from 10 MENA and 10 SA regions from 1991 to 2010.The descriptive statistics was calculated for the pooled data, MENA and Southern African regions. The best performing countries were identified after treating each of the twenty (20) countries included in the observation in different year as individual distinct decision making unit. Tunisia had 59 peer counts in 2003, Jordan had 34 peer counts in 1996, Egypt had 38 peer counts in year 2002, Libya had 27 peer counts in 2003 while Tunisia accounts for the highest number of best performance of 81 counts in 1991 for MENA countries. Swaziland, Mauritius, Malawi, Namibia and Mozambique dictate the way for landlocked countries between 1991 and 2010 respectively. The mean technical efficiency for the MENA, Southern African Region and the pooled data were 0.712, 0.854 and 0.738 respectively while their respective regional frontiers were 0.836, 0.967 and 0.870. The technological gap ratio for the pooled data for the period of time under study was 0.848 but that of MENA and southern African region were 0.852 and 0.883 respectively for the same period. The difference in the regional and metafrontier showed that regional constraints are a subset of that of metafrontier production function. The study suggests transference of technology, as well as diffusion of technical know-how should be encouraged between MENA and SA countries
Select Volume / Issue:
Year:
2018
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Technological Gap; Efficiency; Frontier; Agricultural Productivity
Journal:
IJAIR
Volume:
7
Number:
2
Pages:
182-191
Month:
September
ISSN:
2319-1473
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