IJAIR NAAS Score : 3.99 ,ISSN : 2319-1473

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IJAIR NAAS Score : 3.99
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IJAIR NAAS Score : 3.99
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IJAIR NAAS Score : 3.99
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IJAIR NAAS Score : 3.99
"Submissions Open For Volume 8,Issue 4,Jan. - Feb., 2020"


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IJAIR NAAS Score : 3.99
"Submissions Open For Volume 8,Issue 4,Jan. - Feb., 2020"


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IJAIR NAAS Score : 3.99
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Status of Social Forestry for the Socio-Economic Development in the Coastal Belt of Sundarbans

Md. Akramul Islam
The research was carried out in the areas four Upazilla of Satkhira district (Tala, Kolaroa, Debhata and Khaligong) adjacent to the coastal belt of Sundarban of Bangladesh to accelerate alternate source of livelihood as well as to assess the socio-economic condition through initiation of Social Forestry activities. Data were collected through a semi-structured goal oriented questionnaire and a multistage sampling technique was adoptedduring the period of August 2014 to October 2016 to collect all necessary data from 90 respondents respectively from research area.The homestead farmland of the targeted household in the project initiation time was 35% and it is present time 25.58%. The landless in project initiation time was 33.33% where as in the present time is 31.76%. Change in percentage (%) of 60 household land ownership pattern increases 8.3%, 4%, 1.64%, 5% and 21%. Due to initiation of social forestry average present income (Tk) increases 2250 than from average past income (Tk) 1225 and Percentage (%) of increases 83.67 than previous income which shows maximum.The rest household income increases49%, 46.06%, 39.78% and 21.66% simultaneously. The beneficiaries are using 55, 43, 47 and 45acres of land for social forestry Tala Kolaroa, Debhata and Khaligong Upazilla respectively. Respondents get 65% of the total benefits and FD get 25% of the total benefits. The percentage of agree of social forestry are 70% and among them male are 45% and female are 25%. The percentage of employment opportunity for female was 45% and for male 30%. About 60% people are partially or fully dependent on this forest for the requirement of. Respondents like exotic fast growing woody species like Eucalyptus, Akasmoni, koroi. They also like Mahogany, Sissoo and some fruit trees Amm, Kanthal, Jam and it is 36.66% initiation time, but at present it also increase 41.68% due to Social Forestry. The percentage of choosing species such as Amm, Katahl, Sisso, Mehagony, Neem, Akasmoni, Jam, Koroi and Babla increases 9.33%, 10.67%, 20%, 6.67%, 5.33%, 5.33%, 4%, Koroi 8% and 5.34% respectively. Increasing land use pattern, positive perception towards Social Forestry especially employment opportunity for female, fuel wood facilities and selection of economically viable species accelerate to change the livelihhod as alternate pattern and also increase socio-economic condition directly or indirectly in coastal belt of Sundarbans.
Select Volume / Issue:
Year:
2019
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Coastal belt; Development; Social Forestry; Sundarbans; Socio-Economic
Journal:
IJAIR
Volume:
8
Number:
3
Pages:
252-263
Month:
November
ISSN:
2319-1473
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