IJAIR NAAS Score : 3.99 ,ISSN : 2319-1473

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IJAIR NAAS Score : 3.99
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Evaluation of Different Sterilization Techniques for Yield and Biological Efficiency of Milky White Mushroom (C. indica P&C)

Elangovan M.
The experiment was attempted to evaluate the most suitable surface sterilization technique for production of milky mushroom (Calocybe indica), under the agro-climatic condition of lateritic zone of West Bengal, different sterilization techniques i.e. hot water treatment, modified hot water treatment, chemical treatment (75 ppm bavistin+500 ppm formalin) and CaO @ 2% were assessed to know their effects on spawn run period, duration of pinhead formation, days for first harvest. Among the different substrate surface sterilization techniques chemical sterilization technique showing highest yield (677 g) and biological efficiency (67.7%) followed by hot water treatment 594g yield and 59.4% biological efficiency. The lowest yield (368.83g) and biological efficiency (36.88%) were obtained from substrate sterilized with 2% calcium oxide. The substrate surface sterilized with modified hot water treated beds shows early spawn run period (15.33 days) but chemically treated substrate beds viewing early pinhead formation (14.62 days), sporophore maturation period (9.33 days) and highest number of sporophore production (10.33). The longest spawn running period (20.00 and 20.67 days), primordia initiation (19.40 and 20.38 days) were occur in both the beds treated with 2% CaO and untreated controlled beds. Sporophore maturation period, number of fruiting bodies, yield and biological efficiency was low and almost par in both beds treated with 2% CaO as well untreated control beds. Thus, among the various substrate surface sterilization technique, chemically surface sterilized beds (75 ppm bavistin+500 ppm formalin) showing superiority than all other treatments with the highest yield (677 g), biological efficiency (67.7%) as well as sporophore maturation period, number of fruiting body.
Select Volume / Issue:
Year:
2020
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Milky Mushroom; Sterilization; Bavistin; CaO; Yield; Biological Efficiency
Journal:
IJAIR
Volume:
9
Number:
2
Pages:
139-144
Month:
September
ISSN:
2319-1473
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