IJAIR NAAS Score : 3.99 ,ISSN : 2319-1473

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IJAIR NAAS Score : 3.99 (2016 - 2020)
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IJAIR NAAS Score : 3.99 (2016 - 2020)
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IJAIR NAAS Score : 3.99 (2016 - 2020)
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IJAIR NAAS Score : 3.99 (2016 - 2020)
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IJAIR NAAS Score : 3.99 (2016 - 2020)
"Submissions Open For Vol. 12,Issue 4, Jan. - Feb. 2024"


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IJAIR NAAS Score : 3.99 (2016 - 2020)
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Water Activity Profiles and Efficacy of Some Plant Extracts on the Growth of Podosphaeraxanthii (Powdery Mildew of Muskmelon) in Ado Ekiti, South Western Nigeria

M. J. Falade
Laboratory studies was conducted to evaluate the effect of water activity and hot water extracts of Drum stick tree (Moringa oleifera), Jimson weed (Datura stramonium) and the composite mixture on growth, conidia germination and sporulation of Podosphaeraxanthii the pathogen causing powdery mildew of muskmelon. The extracts and the composite mixture were applied in situ at three concentrations (20, 40 and 60%) by mixing 1 ml of the different concentrations with 10 ml of molten PDA. Unmodified potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) media with water activity (aw = 0.995) and PDA modified with non-ionic solute glycerol (aw = 0.97, 0.964 and 0.91) were poured into 9 cm petri- dishes and inoculated at the center with one microliter of standardized conidial suspension for evaluation of growth and conidial density of the fungus. Result from the study shows that the growth rate and conidiation varied significantly at different water activity levels being highest (4.34mm day-1) at (aw = 0.995) when water was freely available and decreased with water stress (aw = 0.97 – 0.91). The conidial density was highest under the greatest water stress condition (aw = 0.91). The extracts applied at all the concentrations reduced mycelia growth and conidial germination. The composite mixture of the extracts at 60% concentration was more effective in reducing mycelia growth (3.14mm day-1) compared to the control (4.34mm day-1). Similarly, conidial germination was reduced significantly by the composite mixture values being (40, 27 and 18%) at 60, 40 and 20concentrations respectively. There was no significant effect of the extracts on sporulation at the tested concentrations. The study therefore shows that extracts of the plants and water activity significantly affect the growth and conidiation of Podosphaeraxanthiiand the information obtained can be used in the management of the disease on the field.
Select Volume / Issue:
Year:
2022
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Muskmelon; Podosphaeraxanthii; Water Activity; Plant Extract; Growth Rate
Journal:
IJAIR
Volume:
11
Number:
1
Pages:
24-31
Month:
July
ISSN:
2319-1473
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